The earliest books are from American meetings. The Upper Canada books start in 1798 with Adolphustown and a large number of other minute books have been transcribed. We continue to transcribe books.
Books are frequently organized or noted by the faction or split where the book was finished: for example, a book started in 1820 might contain unified entries from 1820 to 1828 and then Hicksite or Orthodox entries from 1828 on to the completion of the text. Factions are sometimes noted but readers should note the years included.
Muncy Monthly Meeting, PA
Those settling under the Pelham Meeting in the Niagara area and including the Yonge St Meeting around Newmarket mostly came via New Jersey and Pennsylvania meetings. Muncy was one of those meetings. Muncy Monthly Meeting was established in 1799 by Philadelphia Quarterly Meeting out of Catawissa Monthly Meeting (which ran from 1796-1808).
- Muncy Women Monthly Meeting, 1799 – 1819 (Original held at Swarthmore)
- Muncy Monthly Meeting – Certificates of Removal, 1797 – 1808, and Meeting Minutes, 1819-1834 (Original held at Swarthmore)
Nine Partners Meeting, NY
This meeting in Dutchess County reported to New York Yearly Meeting. Many of the Quaker settlers to Adolphustown and later, West Lake in Prince Edward County, Upper Canada, came from or through Nine Partners. The year 1810 is key: in that year, Canada Half Yearly Meeting was established and no longer did Adolphustown Quakers have to report to Nine Partners.
- Nine Partners MM Minutes 1769 – 1779 (Original held at Swarthmore)
- Nine Partners MM Minutes 1779 – 1783 (Original held at Swarthmore)
- Nine Partners MM Minutes 1783 – 1790 (Original held at Swarthmore)
- Nine Partners MM Minutes 1790 – 1797 (Original held at Swarthmore)
- *New!* Nine Partners MM Minutes (Men) 1820 – 1851 (Hicksite) (Original held at Swarthmore)
- Nine Partners MM Womens Minutes 1794 – 1811 (Original held at Swarthmore)
- Nine Partners MM Digest of Testimonies, Marriages, B&D, Manumissions, Removals 1769 – 1798 (Original held at Swarthmore)
- Nine Partners MM Digest of Removals 1781 – 1897 (Hicksite) (Original held at Swarthmore)
- Oswego Monthly Meeting Women’s Minutes 1799 – 1817 (Original held at Swarthmore)
Ferrisburg Monthly Meeting was in Vermont and a number of members moved to Canada.
- Adolphustown Monthly Meeting 1798 – 1813, (O-2-1)
- Adolphustown Monthly Meeting Women 1808 – 1824, (O-2-2)
- Norwich Preparative Meeting 1816 – 1829, (C-5-1)
- Norwich Monthly Meeting Book A, 1819 – 1842 (C-3-1) Orthodox after 1828.
- Norwich Monthly Meeting 1819 – 182, (C-2-5)
- Norwich Monthly Meeting 1822 – 1834 (C-2-6) Orthodox after 1828.
- Pelham Prep Meeting 1802 – 1879 (H-6-1)
- Pelham Preparative Meeting Women 1810 – 1878 (H-6-3)
- Pelham Monthly Meeting 1799 – 1806 (H-7-2)
- Pelham Monthly Meeting 1806 – 1834 (H-7-3)
- Pelham Monthly Meeting 1834 – 1866 (H-7-4)
- Pelham Monthly Meeting Women 1810 – 1842 (H-7-5)
- Pelham Monthly Meeting Marriage Register 1790 – 1856 (H-7-1)
- Pelham Register Book B, Marr 1807 – 1906, Births 1739- 1857 (C-3-54)
- Pelham Membership, Marriage Register 1817 – 1958, (O-100-1)
- Uxbridge Preparative Meeting 1817 – 1840, (H-10-1)
- West Lake Preparative Meeting Women 1803 – 1825, (H-12-1)
- West Lake Preparative Meeting 1815 – 1825, (O-9-3)
- Yonge St Register Births & Deaths, ‘Family Book’, 1804 – 1824
- Yonge St Members Register 1868 – 1938 Parents, children, births, deaths, from 1791, (41-10)
- Yonge St at Botsford St, Register 1801 – 1973 Parents, children, births, deaths, etc. (41-1)
- Yonge St Register Births Deaths 1803 – 1866, (H-15-1) original register
- Yonge St Register Births and Deaths c1803 – 1866, (O-12-1) a typescript
- Yonge St MM Register of Marriages 1804 – 1840, (H-15-2)
- Yonge St Preparative Meeting 1804 – 1862, (O-11-1)
- Yonge St Monthly Meeting 1804 – 1818, (O-11-6)
- Yonge St MM 1812 – 1825 loose notes: (Box 23), Marriages, complaints, disownments, removals ..
- Yonge St Monthly Meeting 1818 – 1828, (O-11-7)
- Yonge St Monthly MM, Certificates of Removal 1806 – 1879, (O-12-4)
Half Yearly Meeting
- Ameliasburgh Preparative Meeting Women 1817 – 1840, (O-2–3)
- Ameliasburg Preparative Meeting 1853 – 1882, (O-2-4)
- Collingwood Preparative Meeting 1871 – 1891 (99-0-1)
- Collingwood Preparative Meeting 1892 – 1899 (99-0-2)
- Collingwood Preparative Meeting Women 1871 – 1883 (99-0-3)
- Collingwood Preparative Meeting Women 1883 – 1895 (99-0-4)
- Collingwood Preparative Meeting Women 1895 – 1898 (99-0-5)
- Grey Monthly Meeting 1893 – 1898 (99-0-6)
- Leeds Monthly Meeting 1838 – 1855 (O-4-6)
- Norwich Preparative Meeting 1829 – 1848 (C-5-2)
- Norwich Prep Women Mtg 1828 – 1843, (C-2-1)
- Norwich Monthly Meeting 1834 – 1852, (C-2-7)
- Norwich Monthly Meeting 1852 – 1866 (C-2-8)
- Pelham Women’s Preparative Meeting 1828 – 1878, (O-100-2)
- Pelham Monthly Meeting Women 1828 – 1860 (O-5-1)
- Pickering Monthly Meeting, Orthodox 1828 – 1852 (O-6-1)
- Pickering Monthly Meeting, Orthodox 1842 – 1870 (Box 101) (corrected version 2019-10-22)
- *New!* Pickering Monthly Meeting Minutes 1845 – 1867 (O-6-3)
- Pickering Monthly Meeting Register 1845 – 1908 (O-6-8)
- Pickering MM Register Marriages & Removals 1845 – 1874, (O-6-9)
- Tecumseth Preparative Meeting 1869 – 1899 (O-8-6)
- Toronto Monthly Meeting 1893 – 1902 (B-2-47)
- West Lake Preparative Meeting 1833 – 1845 (Orthodox)
- West Lake Preparative Meeting Men, 1846 – 1860 (C-4-3)
- West Lake Preparative Meeting Men, 1860 – 1868 (C-4-4)
- West Lake Monthly Meeting 1828 – 1849 (O-10-1)
- West Lake Monthly Meeting Women 1828 – 1851 (C-4-1)
- West Lake Monthly Meeting 1849 – 1876 (O-10-2)
- West Lake HYM Treasurer’s Book 1830 – 1847 (Box 24-7)
- West Lake Monthly Meeting Register 1820 – 1882 (O-9-1)
- West Lake Monthly Meeting Marriage Register 1855 – 1880 (O-9-2)
- Whitchurch Preparative Meeting 1816 – 1841 (O-8-9)
- Yonge St Monthly Meeting 1828 – 1835 (O-11-4)
- Yonge St MM Marriage Register 1901 – 1942 (Botsford St, Newmarket, 41-8)
- Yonge St MM Marriage Register 1937 (Botsford St, Newmarket, 41-9)
- Yonge St Monthly Meeting 1896 – 1928 (Botsford St, Newmarket, 41-2)
- Yonge St Monthly Meeting 1928 – 1937 (Botsford St, Newmarket, 41-3)
- Yonge St Monthly Meeting 1938 – 1942 (Botsford St, Newmarket, 41-4)
- Yonge St Monthly Meeting 1943 – 1949 (Botsford St, Newmarket, 41-5)
- Yonge St Monthly Meeting 1950 – 1960 (Botsford St, Newmarket, 41-6)
- Yonge St Monthly Meeting 1961 – 1980 (Botsford St, Newmarket, 41-7)
- Canada Half Years Mtg, West Lake, Treasurer’s Book 1830 – 1850, (Box 24)
- Canada Half Yearly Mtg, Orthodox 1914 – 1925, (Box 48)
- Green Point Preparative Meeting, 1862 – 1873, (H-2-3)
- Haldimand Preparative Meeting 1827 – 1842, (H-2-4)
- Lobo (Coldstream) Preparative Meeting 1857 – 1895, (H-3-1)
- Lobo (Coldstream) Preparative Meeting 1895 – 1912, (H-3-2)
- Lobo (Coldstream) Preparative Meeting 1912 – 1938, (H-3-3)
- Lobo (Coldstream) First Day School, 1905 – 1930, Book 3
- Lobo (Coldstream) First Day School, 1931 – 1956, Book 4
- Norwich Monthly Meeting Book B, 1842 (1761-1969)
- Norwich Monthly Meeting Women, 1819 (1819 – 1849) (H-5-1)
- West Lake Preparative Meeting Women 1828 – 1872, (H-12-2)
- West Lake Preparative Meeting 1828 – 1860, (H-12-4)
- West Lake Monthly Meeting Book C 1824 – 1837, (H-11-3)
- West Lake Monthly Meeting 1837 – 1879, (H-11-4)
- West Lake Monthly Meeting 1880 – 1954
- West Lake Monthly Meeting Women 1825 – 1851, (H-11-5)
- West Lake Monthly Meeting, Women 1851 – 1882, (H-11-6)
- West Lake Register of Births and Deaths 1829 – 1866, (H-11-1)
- West Lake Register of Marriages 1829 – 1866 and Removals 1830 – 1892, (H-11-2)
- Yonge St Monthly Meeting, Bk 3, 1828 – 1851, H-16-3
Hicksite Genesee Yearly Meeting in NY State included the Upper Canada Hicksite meetings after the separation in 1828.
- Genesee Men’s Yearly Meeting Minutes, 1834 – 1876
- Genesee Yearly Meeting Indian Committee 1868 – 1891
Canadian Meetings outside Ontario
- Halcyonia is at Borden, Saskatchewan.
- Epistles to Fritchley Gen’l Mtg, England 1864 – 1890 (S-101-5)
- Halcyonia Monthly Meeting 1918 – 1935, (S-101-2)
- Halcyonia Monthly Meeting 1935 – 1965, (S-101-3)
- Halcyonia Monthly Meeting 1969 – 1983, (S-101-4)
Journals and Diaries
- “The Best Man for Settling New Country” – The Journal of Timothy Rogers, edited by Christopher Densmore and Albert Schrauwers, 2000
- Journal of Joshua Evans – see Appendix 1
- Journal of Wing Rogers – see Appendix 2
- Charles Teffry Journal coming to Canada, c1834, Box 24
- Nicholson Diary, Six months in Canada, 1896
- Hugh Webster Zavitz Diary, dating from 1874 to 1901
- George Pollard Letters 1863 – 1889, Box 24
- Rogers Family Letters 1846 – 1914, Box 24
- John Fuller & Mary Webster 1848 marriage & family Box 24
- E. H. Marion Cronk Fonds
- Finding Aid from CYM Archives web site
Memorials and other Documents
- Population of Religious Society of Friends, Upper Canada, 1824, Daniel Nelson
- Memorial of Elenor Hughes 1825 Box 24
- William Allen Memorial, esteemed Minister, 1898, Box 24
- Marriage Certificate of Stephen Rogers & Achsah Cody 1856
- Maps and charts from Dorland, 1927: A map of Canadian meetings, and a chart of meetings and their sources & affiliations
Guide to the Transcriptions and research
Rooted in their belief in the importance of testimonies and their role as “publishers of truth”, Quakers have left us a rich and diverse collection of written documents. While each meeting of Quakers regularly recorded the life of the meeting in minute books, individual Quakers have generated a vast amount of personal correspondence.
Gleaned from the collections of the Library and Archives of Canada, various provincial archives and the Canadian Quaker Archives, the Association is working to transcribe these documents from their original handwritten form to more useful digital formats.
For more information about transcriptions, or to volunteer, please contact our current Chair at [email protected]. Transcribers are always welcome.
You are not alone!
Your research may be of interest to others and worthy of being posted here. Please send an email to the chair at [email protected] with your name and research topic and we may be able to be helpful.
In the early days of Canada, there were Quaker meetings in the Atlantic Provinces and Upper Canada. As Canada opened westward, Quaker meetings followed there as well. To see all the minute books of Canadian meetings held by the Canadian Quaker Archives go to Newsletter #13. So far mostly books from Upper Canada (Ontario) have been transcribed.
Upper Canada meetings
The first meeting to be established was at Adolphustown (1798) in the Bay of Quinte area under Nine Partners Monthly meeting in Dutchess County, NY. This was under the NY Yearly meeting. The second meeting to be established was the Pelham meeting (1799) in the Niagara area under the Philadelphia Yearly meeting. The third important meeting was Yonge St, established under Pelham in 1804 and soon after it became its own Monthly Meeting. In 1810, NY and Philadelphia agreed to establish the Canada Half Yearly meeting under the NY Yearly meeting. Adolphustown, Pelham and Yonge St were the three Monthly meetings at that time.
Adolphustown and West Lake Monthly Meeting
Adolphustown was established as a Preparative meeting in 1798 and then a Monthly meeting in 1801. These meetings were established as Preparative meetings under Adolphustown: Kingston, 1801; West Lake, 1803; Green Point, 1811; Cold Creek (indulged), 1815; Hiller (Ameliasburg and later Wellington), 1817; and Yonge (Leeds), 1818. As the Quaker community expanded, the West Lake meeting at Bloomfield was established as the Monthly meeting in 1821 and Adolphustown returned to Preparative status. The meetings that were under Adolphustown were now under West Lake and Cold Creek became a Prep meeting in 1825 and Haldimand (near Colbourne) was added in 1827. Leeds and Adolphustown Monthly Meeting was established in 1825.
Pelham Monthly meeting
Pelham was established first as a Prep meeting and then as a Monthly Meeting in the same year, 1799. These Quakers came from southeastern Lancaster County, and Bucks County in PA as well as Sussex County, NJ. See Richard MacMaster’s paper, Friends in the Niagara Peninsula 1786 – 1802 about this chain migration that lasted till about 1820. These meetings were established as Preparative meetings under Pelham: Black Creek (Bertie Tp.), 1799; Yonge St., 1804; Erie (USA), 1807; Chippewa (USA), 1807; Willink (Hamburg, USA), 1810; Norwich, 1816; Ancaster, 1816; Pine St, 1819.
Yonge St Monthly Meeting
Yonge St MM at Newmarket on Yonge Street was established in 1806. Yonge St was established by Timothy Rogers first with settlers from Vermont. Soon after Quakers from Pennsylvania and the Niagara area moved in, predominantly in the Uxbridge area. Later, Timothy Rogers started the Pickering meeting. Timothy Roger’s diary is transcribed and posted on this web site. These meetings were established as Preparative meetings under Yonge St: Whitchurch, 1810; Queen St., 1810; Uxbridge, 1810; Pickering, 1819.
Norwich Monthly Meeting
Norwich MM was established in 1819. These meetings were established as Preparative meetings under Norwich: Yarmouth (Sparta), 1823; Malahide (induged), 1822, Ancaster (indulged), 1816; Pine St, 1819.
In 1828 the Quaker Society separated in two groups: one called Orthodox and the other called Hicksite. After 1828 the Preparative, Monthly Meeting minute books and registers continued in either the hands of the Hicksites or the Orthodox Quakers. Note the library code indicating Orthodox (O) and Hicksite (H). Many more meetings developed after 1828. Click here for a chart of this complex set of meetings. This chart is from the end leaf of the A History of the Society of Friends (Quakers) in Canada, Arthur Dorland, 1927.
In 1881 the Orthodox branch separated into two Orthodox branches: Conservative and Orthodox Church Friends. These two Orthodox branches maintained Yearly Meetings that met separately but in the same places.
Jane Zavitz Bond wrote,
“The schism occurred over living patterns, not theology. The Conservatives felt keeping silent meetings, plain dress, speech, and simplicity in way of life was required for Friends. The Church Friends were fitting into the society around them. Dress, activities, certainly more of those who came to Friends via the camp-evangelical meetings, who were not used to silent meeting and other patterns of traditional Quaker life. Also the isolation of rural meetings did not bring forth spoken ministry to meet the needs of worshippers; they wanted hymns, scripture reading, ie; a minister with order of service and these were added. But not theological differences.”
“The Genesee Hicksite Yearly Meeting and Canada Orthodox Church YM began meeting in ‘concurrent’ sessions in 1928. They held separate business sessions for related YM business, but met for some portions together. CYM-Conservative was added in 1942 during WWII when Friends were working together for Canadian Friends Service Committee and peace activities. The Young Friends of all groups met together, helped to bring unification in 1955.”
“Arthur Dorland was key to reunification having lived with Friends’ separation in Canada and desiring its end over his lifetime. As an influential Friend who might be perceived as pressing too hard he went to Ireland for the summer of 1955 to be absent from YM that made the final Minute creating a unified Canada Yearly Meeting. This was the era when other North American Orthodox and Hicksite YM’s were reuniting after WWII shared work for peace. The British Friends had not separated.”
Canadian Quaker Archives and Library
The Archives is located at Pickering College in Newmarket in Ontario. Follow the Our Collection link to see the range of holdings and services. The part-time archivist may be available for more extensive research. Both CFHA and the Archives work closely togther. In 2018 a transcription agreement was made that has resulted in the transcriptions being presented on the CFHA web site. See page 8 of the 9mo 2018 edition of The Meetinghouse for an account of this agreement.