Guide to the Transcriptions and research
Note: links to all transcriptions are further down this web page.
Rooted in their belief in the importance of testimonies and their role as “publishers of
truth”, Quakers have left us a rich and diverse collection of written documents. While
each meeting of Quakers regularly recorded the life of the meeting in minute books,
individual Quakers have generated a vast amount of personal correspondence.
Gleaned from the collections of the Library and Archives of Canada, various provincial
archives and the Canadian Quaker Archives, the Association is working to transcribe
these documents from their original handwritten form to more useful digital formats.
For more information about transcriptions, or to volunteer, please
contact our current Chair at firstname.lastname@example.org.Transcribers are always welcome.
|You are not alone!
Your research may be of interest to others and worthy of being posted here. Please
send an email to the chair at email@example.com with your name and research topic and we may be able to be helpful.
In the early days of Canada, there
were Quaker meetings in the Atlantic Provinces and Upper Canada. As
Canada opened westward, Quaker meetings followed there as well.
To see all the minute books of Canadian meetings held by the Canadian Quaker Archives go to Newsletter
#13. So far mostly books from Upper Canada (Ontario) have been transcribed.
Upper Canada meetings
The first meeting to be established was at
Adolphustown (1798) in the Bay of Quinte area under Nine Partners
Monthly meeting in Dutchess County, NY. This was under the NY Yearly
meeting. The second meeting to be established was the Pelham meeting
(1799) in the Niagara area under the Philadelphia Yearly meeting. The
third important meeting was Yonge St, established under Pelham in 1804
and soon after it became its own Monthly Meeting. In 1810, NY and
Philadelphia agreed to establish the Canada Half Yearly meeting under
the NY Yearly meeting. Adolphustown, Pelham and Yonge St were the three
Monthly meetings at that time.
Adolphustown and West Lake Monthly Meeting
established as a Preparative meeting in 1798 and then
a Monthly meeting in 1801. These meetings were established as
Preparative meetings under Adolphustown: Kingston, 1801; West Lake,
1803; Green Point, 1811; Cold Creek (indulged), 1815; Hiller
(Ameliasburg and later Wellington), 1817; and Yonge (Leeds), 1818. As
the Quaker community expanded, the West
meeting at Bloomfield was established as the Monthly meeting in 1821
Adolphustown returned to Preparative status. The meetings that were
under Adolphustown were now under West Lake and Cold Creek became a
Prep meeting in 1825 and Haldimand (near Colbourne) was added in 1827.
Leeds and Adolphustown Monthly Meeting was established in 1825.
Pelham Monthly meeting
Pelham was established first as a Prep meeting and then as a Monthly
Meeting in the same year, 1799. These Quakers came from southeastern
Lancaster County, and Bucks County in PA as well as Sussex County, NJ. See Richard MacMaster's paper, Friends in the Niagara Peninsula 1786 - 1802
about this chain migration that lasted till about 1820. These meetings
were established as Preparative meetings under Pelham: Black Creek
(Bertie Tp.), 1799; Yonge St., 1804; Erie (USA), 1807; Chippewa (USA),
1807; Willink (Hamburg, USA), 1810; Norwich, 1816; Ancaster, 1816; Pine
Yonge St Monthly Meeting
Yonge St MM at Newmarket on Yonge Street was established in 1806. Yonge
St was established by Timothy Rogers first with settlers from Vermont.
Soon after Quakers from Pennsylvania and the Niagara area moved in,
predominantly in the Uxbridge area. Later, Timothy Rogers started the
Pickering meeting. Timothy Roger's diary is transcribed and posted on this web site. These meetings were established as Preparative meetings under Yonge St: Whitchurch, 1810; Queen St., 1810; Uxbridge, 1810; Pickering, 1819.
Norwich Monthly Meeting
Norwich MM was established in 1819. These meetings were established as Preparative meetings under Norwich: Yarmouth (Sparta), 1823; Malahide (induged), 1822, Ancaster (indulged), 1816; Pine St, 1819.
In 1828 the Quaker Society
separated in two groups: one called Orthodox and the other called
Hicksite. After 1828 the Preparative, Monthly Meeting
minute books and
registers continued in either the hands of the Hicksites or the
Orthodox Quakers. Note the library code indicating Orthodox (O) and
Hicksite (H). Many more meetings developed after 1828. Click here for a chart of this complex set of meetings. This chart is from the end leaf of the A History of the Society of Friends (Quakers) in Canada, Arthur Dorland, 1927.
1881 the Orthodox branch separated into two Orthodox branches:
Conservative and Orthodox Church Friends. These two Orthodox branches
maintained Yearly Meetings that met separately but in the same places.
Jane Zavitz Bond wrote, "The schism occurred over living patterns,
not theology. The Conservatives felt keeping silent meetings, plain
and simplicity in way of life was required for Friends. The Church
were fitting into the society around them. Dress, activities, certainly
more of those who came to Friends via the camp-evangelical
meetings, who were not used to silent meeting and other patterns of
traditional Quaker life. Also
the isolation of rural meetings did not bring forth spoken ministry to
meet the needs of worshippers; they wanted hymns, scripture reading, ie;
minister with order of service and these were added. But not
"The Genesee Hicksite Yearly Meeting and Canada Orthodox Church YM
began meeting in 'concurrent' sessions in 1928. They held separate
business sessions for related YM business, but met for some portions
together. CYM-Conservative was added in 1942 during WWII when Friends
were working together for Canadian Friends Service Committee and peace activities. The
Young Friends of all groups met together, helped to bring unification
Dorland was key to reunification having lived with Friends' separation
in Canada and desiring its end over his lifetime. As an influential
Friend who might be perceived as pressing too hard he went to Ireland
for the summer of 1955 to be absent from YM that made the final Minute
creating a unified Canada Yearly Meeting. This was the era when other North American
Orthodox and Hicksite YM's were reuniting after WWII shared work for
peace. The British Friends had not separated."
Canadian Quaker Archives and Library
The Archives is located at Pickering College in Newmarket in Ontario. Follow the Our Collection
link to see the range of holdings and services. The part-time archivist
may be available for more extensive research. Both CFHA and the
Archives work closely togther. In 2018 a transcription agreement was
made that has resulted in the transcriptions being presented on the
CFHA web site. See page 8 of the 9mo 2018 edition of The Meetinghouse for an account of this agreement.
are transcriptions of a range of meeting books, registers, journals,
diaries, memorials, documents, letters and research papers. The
earliest books are from Nine Partners and Ferrisburg, VT. The Upper
Canada books start in 1798 with Adolphustown and a large number of
other minute books have been transcribed. We continue to transcribe
Nine Partners Meeting, NY
This meeting in Dutchess
County reported to New York Yearly Meeting. Many of the Quaker settlers
to Adolphustown and later, West Lake in Prince Edward County, Upper
Canada, came from or through Nine Partners. The year 1810 is key since
in that year Canada Half Yearly Meeting was established and no longer did Adolphustown Quakers have to report to Nine Partners.
Ferrisburg Monthly Meeting was in Vermont and a number of members moved to Canada.
Upper Canada, Pre 1828 Separation
- Adolphustown Monthly Meeting 1798 - 1813, (O-2-1)
- Adolphustown Monthly Meeting Women 1808 - 1824, (O-2-2)
- Norwich Preparative Meeting 1816 - 1829, (C-5-1)
- Norwich Monthly Meeting Book A, 1819-1842, (C-3-1) Orthodox after 1828.
- Norwich Preparative Meeting 1816 - 1829, (C-5-1)
- Norwich Monthly Meeting 1819 - 1822, (C-2-5)
- Norwich Monthly Meeting 1822 - 1834, (C-2-6) Orthodox after 1828.
- Pelham Monthly Meeting 1799 - 1806, (H-7-2)
- Pelham Monthly Meeting 1806 - 1834, (H-7-3)
- Pelham Monthly Meeting Women 1810-42 (H-7-5)
- Pelham Preparative Meeting Women 1810- 1878, (H-6-3)
- Pelham Monthly Meeting Marriage Register 1790 - 1856 (H-7-1)
- Pelham Register Book B, Marr 1807-1906, Births 1739-1857 C-3-54
- Pelham Membership, Marriage Register 1817 - 1958, (O-100-1)
- West Lake Preparative Meeting Women 1803 - 1825, (H-12-1)
- West Lake Preparative Meeting 1815 - 1825, (O-9-3)
- Yonge St Register Births & Deaths, 'Family Book', 1804 - 1824
- Yonge St Members Register 1868-1938 Parents, children, births, deaths, from 1791, (41-10)
- Yonge St at Botsford St, Register 1801-1973 Parents, children, births, deaths, etc. (41-1)
- Yonge St Register Births and Deaths c1803 - 1866 , (O-12-1)
- Yonge St MM Register of Marriages 1804 - 1840, (H-15-2)
- Yonge St Preparative Meeting 1804 - 1862, (O-11-1)
- Yonge St Monthly Meeting 1804 - 1818, (O-11-6)
- Yonge St MM 1812 - 1825 loose notes: (Box 23), Marriages, complaints, disownments, removals ..
- Yonge St Monthly Meeting 1818 - 1828, (O-11-7)
- Yonge St Monthly MM, Certificates of Removal 1806 - 1879, (O-12-4)
- Ameliasburgh Preparative Meeting Women 1817 - 1840, (O-2--3)
- Ameliasburg Preparative Meeting 1853 - 1882, (O-2-4)
- Collingwood Preparative Meeting 1871 - 1891 (99-0-1)
- Collingwood Preparative Meeting 1892 - 1899 (99-0-2)
- Collingwood Preparative Meeting Women 1871 - 1883 (99-0-3)
- Collingwood Preparative Meeting Women 1883 - 1895 (99-0-4)
- Collingwood Preparative Meeting Women 1895 - 1898 (99-0-5)
- Grey Monthly Meeting 1893 - 1898 (99-0-6)
- Norwich Preparative Meeting 1829 - 1848 (C-5-2)
- Norwich Prep Women Mtg 1828-43, (C-2-1)
- Norwich Monthly Meeting 1834 - 1852, (C-2-7)
- Pelham Women's Preparative Meeting 1828 - 1878, (O-100-2)
- Pickering Monthly Meeting, Orthodox 1842 - 1870 (Box 101)
- Tecumseth Preparative Meeting 1869 - 1899, (O-8-6)
- West Lake Preparative Meeting 1833 - 1845 (Orthodox)
- West Lake Preparative Meeting Men, 1846 - 1860, (C-4-3)
- West Lake Preparative Meeting Men, 1860 - 1868, (C-4-4)
- West Lake Monthly Meeting 1828 - 1849, (O-10-1)
- West Lake Monthly Meeting Women 1828 - 1851, (C-4-1)
- West Lake Monthly Meeting 1849 - 187,, (O-10-2)
- West Lake HYM Treasurer's Book 1830 - 1847 (Box 24-7)
- West Lake Monthly Meeting Register 1820 - 1882, (O-9-1)
- West Lake Monthly Meeting Marriage Register 1855 - 1880, (O-9-2)
- Yonge St Monthly Meeting 1828 - 1835, (O-11-4)
- Yonge St MM Marriage Register 1901 - 1942 (Botsford St, Newmarket, 41-8)
- Yonge St MM Marriage Register 1937 (Botsford St, Newmarket, 41-9)
- Yonge St Monthly Meeting 1896 - 1928 (Botsford St, Newmarket, 41-2)
- Yonge St Monthly Meeting 1928 - 1937 (Botsford St, Newmarket, 41-3)
- Yonge St Monthly Meeting 1938 - 1942 (Botsford St, Newmarket, 41-4)
- Yonge St Monthly Meeting 1943 - 1949 (Botsford St, Newmarket, 41-5)
- Yonge St Monthly Meeting 1950 - 1960 (Botsford St, Newmarket, 41-6)
- Yonge St Monthly Meeting 1961 - 1980 (Botsford St, Newmarket, 41-7)
- Canada Half Years Mtg, West Lake, Treasurer's Book 1830-50, (Box 24)
- Canada Half Yearly Mtg, Orthodox 1914 - 1925, (Box 48)
Hicksite Genesee Yearly Meeting in NY State included the Upper Canada Hicksite meetings
the separation in 1828.
- Green Point Preparative Meeting, 1862 - 1873, (H-2-3)
- Haldimand Preparative Meeting 1827 - 1842, (H-2-4)
- Lobo (Coldstream) Preparative Meeting 1857 - 1895, (H-3-1)
- Lobo (Coldstream) Preparative Meeting 1895 - 1912, (H-3-2)
- Lobo (Coldstream) Preparative Meeting 1912 - 1938, (H-3-3)
- Lobo (Coldstream) First Day School, 1905 - 1930, Book 3
- Lobo (Coldstream) First Day School, 1931 - 1956, Book 4
- Norwich Monthly Meeting Book B, 1842, (1761-1969)
- West Lake Preparative Meeting Women 1828 - 1872, (H-12-2)
- West Lake Preparative Meeting 1828 - 1860, (H-12-4)
- West Lake Monthly Meeting Book C 1824 - 1837, (H-11-3)
- West Lake Monthly Meeting 1837 - 1879, (H-11-4)
- West Lake Monthly Meeting 1880 - 1954
- West Lake Monthly Meeting Women 1825 - 1851, (H-11-5)
- West Lake Monthly Meeting, Women 1851 - 1882, (H-11-6)
- West Lake Register of Births and Deaths 1829 - 1866, (H-11-1)
- West Lake Register of Marriages 1829 - 1866 and Removals 1830 - 1892, (H-11-2)
- Yonge St Monthly Meeting, Bk 3, 1828 - 1851, H-16-3
Canadian Meetings outside Ontario
Journals and Diaries
- Halcyonia is at Borden, Saskatchewan.
Memorials and other Documents
- Timothy Rogers Jr: Quaker to Slave Master: his wife Phebe Royster and sister Martha Rogers and the slaves emancipated to Liberia, 2019
- Population of Religious Society of Friends, Upper Canada, 1824, Daniel Nelson
- Family of Comly Randall, settlers of Yonge St Box 24
- Faith, Friends and
Fragmentation - Essays on the Nineteenth Century Quakerism in
Canada, edited by Albert Schrauwers, 1995
- The Orthodox Friends Burying Ground, Yonge
Street, Newmarket, ON, David L. Newlands, 1983